TS EN 54-13 YANGIN ALGILAMA VE YANGIN ALARM SİSTEMLERİ – BÖLÜM 13: SİSTEM BİLEŞENLERİNİN UYUMLULUK DEĞERLENDİRMESİ
ability of a component type 1 to operate with control and indicating equipment:
— within the limits specified for each component;
— within the specified limits given by the relevant parts of EN 54 if available, or given by the manufacturer if not available;
— within specified configurations of systems
device performing a function for the protection of life and/or property that is required by European or national guidelines or regulations device performing a function for the protection of life and/or property that is not required by European or national guidelines or regulations
EXAMPLE A printer used for listing fire events.
topological arrangement of components connected through transmission paths to control and indicating equipment
ability of component type 2 to operate without jeopardizing the performance of the fire detection and fire alarm system
control and indicating equipment
component of a fire detection and alarm system through which other components may be supplied with power (see EN 54-1)
fire detection and fire alarm system
group of components including a CIE which, when arranged in (a) specified configuration(s), is capable of detecting and indicating a fire, and giving signals for appropriate action
fire protection system FPS
group of devices that in combination are capable of automatically actuating measures to limit the effect of fire
networked system in which one control and indicating equipment is designated as the main control and indicating equipment, and in which the main control and indicating equipment is able to:
— receive signals from and/or transmit signals to the control and indicating equipment of a
— indicate the status of the control and indicating equipment of a subsystem
device that is connected to a transmission path of a fire detection and fire alarm system and is used to receive and/or transmit information to, from or within the system
fire detection and fire alarm system in which more than one control and indicating equipment are interconnected and able to exchange information
part of a hierarchical system which includes only one control and indicating equipment
physical connection between the components (external to the housing of the components) used for the transmission of information and/or power
In order to comply with this standard, the system design and compatibility or connectability of its components shall meet the requirements of this clause. This shall be verified by assessment (5.1) with reference to the required documentation (4.7), shall be tested (if necessary) as described in 5.2 to 5.5 and shall meet the requirements of the tests.
Basic system requirements
System requirements can also be stated in national application guidelines (also known as codes of practice). Suppliers of components shall ensure that they:
— meet the requirements of this document;
— meet the requirements of the relevant part of EN 54;
— meet the requirements of the application guidelines of the countries where the components are intended to be placed on the market.
The FDAS under consideration shall carry out fire detection functions identified in Annex A. All the different system configurations intended to be used shall be mentioned within the supplier documentation.
If a function of a FDAS is shared with any other system, it shall not jeopardize the FDAS. Shared functions shall meet the most onerous requirements of the relevant specifications.
If a non-FDAS function is performed by a component of a FDAS, this function shall not jeopardize the FDAS.
A system fault (as described in EN 54-2) in one CIE shall not affect more than this CIE and the associated components controlled by this CIE.
A single fault on a transmission path connecting one CIE to another CIE shall not adversely affect the correct functioning of any part of the networked system.
Means shall be provided for the indication of a fault on a transmission path connecting one CIE to another CIE.
Specific requirements for hierarchical systems
A fire alarm condition on a CIE shall be indicated on the main CIE within 20 s.
A fault warning condition on a CIE shall be indicated on the main CIE within 120 s.
A fault or faults in a single transmission path connecting one or more CIE(s) to the main CIE shall not adversely affect the mandatory (as defined in EN 54-2) functions of the hierarchical system.
A fault on a transmission path connecting a CIE to the main CIE shall be at least indicated on the main CIE.
Where faults exist in more than one transmission path connecting one or more CIE(s) to the main CIE, it shall be clearly indicated on the main CIE which part(s) is (are) lost.
The main CIE shall indicate at least general conditions (see conditions defined in EN 54-2).
EXAMPLE An example of a general condition is a fire condition at a subsystem CIE.
If detailed information is provided then it shall be consistent throughout the system.
EXAMPLE An example of provision of detailed information is a fire condition on a zone of a subsystem CIE.
Specific requirements for software
Any software that is used for networking shall conform to EN 54-2:1997, Clause 13.
The system documentation shall include documentation for compatibility and, if necessary, for connectability.
NOTE Documentation, prepared by the supplier, allows the testing authority to make the assessment of compatibility and connectability within the configuration(s) defined by the supplier.
If, in addition to the software used for the component, the system functionality needs the implementation of additional software, this software shall be documented in accordance with EN
A list of the software versions used in the different system configuration(s) shall be supplied.
5 Assessment methods and tests 5.1 General requirements
To assess the compatibility or connectability, a theoretical analysis shall be undertaken for each component and its type of transmission path, and the result shall indicate whether a functional test is necessary.
NOTE An example of the methodology for the theoretical analysis is given in Annex C.
The compatibility or connectability of each component shall be assessed in the specified system
The electromagnetic compatibility immunity tests shall be carried out if the theoretical analysis clearly indicates that they are necessary. Testing is not necessary if each individual component conforms to the electromagnetic compatibility requirements included in the relevant product standard, and the same cable and its termination requirements specified by the relevant manufacturer is used.
Standard atmospheric conditions for tests
Unless otherwise stated in a test procedure, the testing shall be carried out after the test specimen has been allowed to stabilize in the standard atmospheric conditions for testing as described in EN 60068-1:1994 as follows:
If variations in these parameters have a significant effect on a measurement, then such variations shall be kept to a minimum during a series of measurements carried out as part of one test on one specimen.
Mounting and electrical connection
The components shall be mounted by the normal means of mounting indicated by the manufacturer.
The input and output connections shall be made in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
If more than one type of cable is specified, each test shall be carried out with the one considered to be the least favourable.
Fire alarm condition
Start from the quiescent condition. Activate and reset one or more of the components (detector, manual call point or input element) that can be connected to the transmission path in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions under the conditions specified in 5.3.2.
Criteria of acceptance
The following criteria of acceptance shall be met for the functional test of the fire alarm condition:
Fault warning condition
Open circuit on a transmission path
Start from the quiescent condition. Influence the transmission path by means of serial resistances, to ascertain at which line-parameters a fault is signalled at the CIE. The serial resistance that causes the fault is called
Criteria of acceptance
The following criteria of acceptance shall be met for the functional test of the fault warning condition:
Short circuit on a transmission path
Start from the quiescent condition. Influence the transmission path by means of parallel resistances, to ascertain at which line-parameters a fault is signalled at the CIE. The parallel resistance that causes the fault is called Pfault.